What are the causes and symptoms of hypothyroidism?

Posted on December 14, 2016 by in Education
 | Eugene Endocrinology

What are the causes of hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism results from a variety of causes, and finding the cause determines the treatment. Hashimoto’s disease is an autoimmune disorder that causes the body to make antibodies that attack the thyroid and produces chronic inflammation of the thyroid, which decreases the gland’s ability to produce thyroid hormone. This is the most prevalent cause of hypothyroidism in the United States. It is more common in women and can run in families.

Inflammation of the thyroid, such as can happen in subacute, lymphocytic and postpartum thyroiditis, can also lead to hypothyroidism.

There are medications that can also affect the thyroid (amiodarone, lithium, etc.). Some treatments for an overactive thyroid gland, such as radioactive iodine treatment and surgery, may also result in hypothyroidism. Problems with the pituitary gland, such as tumors, may lead to the condition, as well.

What are the symptoms of hypothyroidism?
Weight gain
Dry skin and hair
Heavy menstruation
Cold intolerance

The symptoms of hypothyroidism, though, are nonspecific and may also occur with other conditions.

Read about current and past treatment options for hypothyroidism, or contact us to make an appointment.